Life Cycle Assessment

The objective is to highlight improvement potentials in your processes and/or products and compare the environmental impacts of different materials and manufacturing methods.

In a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), the sources of environmental impacts are identified, quantified, and analyzed throughout the entire life cycle.

The entire life cycle chain, from production through use to the disposal of packaging, a product, or your entire company, is considered in this process.

We offer assessment based on both a Full Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and a Streamlined LCA:

Full LCA

• The Full Life Cycle Assessment involves a comprehensive, quantitative evaluation of a product, service, or organizational unit.

• The assessment is conducted according to the following criteria:

  • ISO 14040/14044
  • Product Environmental Footprint (PEF)
  • GHG Protocol


A Full LCA is based on precise company data and minimal assumptions. Therefore, it is much more extensive and informative than a Streamlined LCA.

Streamlined LCA

• The Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment provides a simpler and more cost-effective alternative to the full LCA This allows you to identify potential problem areas resource-efficiently and consequently improve your packaging sustainably.

• Streamlined LCA calculations are performed using our developed tool, the Packaging Cockpit.

As a result, you will receive a report, including graphics for all 16 impact categories, as well as an individual interpretation of selected impact categories.

Life Cycle Assessment – Key Figures

  • Environmental footprint of products and services
  • Developed by the European Commission
  • Aims for standardization and improved comparability
  • Considers the entire life cycle
  • Examines 16 predefined impact categories



The Corporate Carbon Footprint (CCF) is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions directly or indirectly caused by a company’s activities. Calculating the CCF provides clarity on where your emission hotspots are. Based on this, we advise you on how to improve your carbon footprint, identify potential savings, and determine climate-friendly alternatives.

The Product Carbon Footprint captures all CO2 emissions generated throughout the entire life cycle of a product – from raw material extraction to recycling or disposal. The PCF creates transparency by identifying the life cycle stages of your product that contribute the most emissions.

Life Cycle Assessment – GHG Protocol

The GHG Protocol is an internationally recognized standard for measuring greenhouse gas emissions. It can be divided into three standards, each associated with different emissions. The GHG Protocol requires users to record emissions from Scope 1 and 2, with Scope 3 being optional.


Scope 1

Direct emissions

– Emissions that arise within the company’s system boundaries: from sources that are directly controlled by the company.

– Example: Emissions caused by the combustion of heating oil for heating purposes.

Scope 2

Electrical indirect emissions

– Indirect emissions from purchased energy generated outside the system boundary.

– Example: Emissions caused by the combustion of coal in a coal-fired power plant.

Scope 3

Other indirect emissions

– Emissions from upstream and downstream processes of systems that are not owned by the company.

– Example: Emissions that arise during raw material production

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